Frédéric Boyenga-Bofala
The End Of The Great Lakes Crisis

II
The End of the Operation

The end of the operation must be achieved by signing a formal agreement on the end of the Great Lakes crisis preceded by the conclusion of a Treaty of Peace and Friendship between the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, Uganda and Burundi as well as the signing of the Great Lakes Pact renouncing war as an instrument of national policy and the establishment of the permanent headquarters of the United Nations Organization Mission for the Great Lakes in Goma, the epicentre of the crisis    

1
The negotiation and conclusion of a Treaty of Peace and
Friendship between the DRC, Rwanda, Uganda and
Burundi, under the aegis of the UN and with the support
of the AU, SADC, ECCAS and the EU

At the end of the conflict, it is our goal to ensure a constructive partnership between the Great Lakes states. I invite the United Nations to organize on the basis of a resolution of the Security Council, with the support of the African Union, SADC, ECCAS and the European Union, an international conference on peace, security, reconciliation, democracy and development in the Great Lakes region that would lead, among other things, to the relaunch of the integration process in the Great Lakes. We invite these organisations to intervene vigorously in the process of restoring and maintaining peace in the region, to use all their influence to secure the conclusion of a negotiated peace agreement that is fair to all parties, and imposes respect for territorial integrity and the national sovereignty of the DRC, Rwanda and Uganda. This conference should form the subject of some of the provisions of the resolution that we seek on the restoration and preservation of peace in the Great Lakes region.

The signing of the peace treaty will be a major contribution to the common goal of strengthening security and stability in the Great Lakes region and Central Africa in general. This development must be part of an ongoing process of cooperation in building arrangements creating a more united sub-region.

The content of this peace treaty will be simple. States should affirm the end of the epoque of division and confrontation that has lasted over a decade and undertake to improve their mutual relations.

They must make a joint commitment to pluralist democracy, the rule of law and human rights, all of which which are essential to lasting security in the sub-region.

They must solemnly declare the beginning of a new era in their relations, that they are neither enemies nor opponents, that they will establish new partnerships and will offer each other the hand of friendship.

They must affirm their obligation and commitment to refrain from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any State, or try to change existing borders, and otherwise act in a manner contrary to the purposes and principles of the peace treaty. None of their weapons will ever be used except in self-defence or otherwise in conformity with the Charter of the United Nations.

They must recognize that security is indivisible and that the security of each of their countries is inextricably linked to the security of all states in the sub-region.

They must undertake to keep the military forces necessary to prevent war and to provide an effective defence. They must take into account the link between capabilities and military doctrines.

They must pledge to work for the intensification of political and military contacts between each other, so as to promote mutual understanding and trust.

They must undertake to contribute to the conclusion of treaties on arms control and disarmament, which will enhance security and stability in the Great Lakes region.

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